Non-invasive Pan-Cancer Detection Method


One of four deaths in the United States is due to cancer despite an emphasis on prevention, early detection, and treatment that has lowered cancer death rates by 20% in the past two decades. Further improvements in survival rates are likely to come from improving the limits of detection sensitivity at earlier stages of cancer. New approaches that rely heavily on genomic information, however, may change future testing strategies.

This invention is a method for detecting the presence of cancer in an individual by detecting the methylation state of a region in the promoter of the ZNF154 gene. A distinct advantage of this assay is that it is minimally invasive unlike currently available methods for diagnosing cancer which typically require a tissue biopsy. This method requires only blood samples and can detect many different types of cancers. Bioinformatics methods are provided to analyze the methylation state of the ZNF154 promoter and relate the methylation state to the likelihood of cancer in the individual from circulating tumor DNA.

Potential Commercial Applications: Competitive Advantages:
  • Diagnostic assay to detect cancer
  • Monitoring tool to track patient response to cancer therapy
 
  • Less invasive
  • Less time consuming


Inventors:

Laura Elnitski (NHGRI)  ➽ more inventions...

Gennady Margolin (NHGRI)  ➽ more inventions...

Hanna Petrykowska (NHGRI)  ➽ more inventions...


Intellectual Property:
US Application No. 62/220,041
PCT Application No. PCT/US2016/051905
US Application No. 15/759,452

Publications:
Margolin G, et al. PMID 26857064
Sanchez-Vega F, et al. PMID 24149212

Collaboration Opportunity:

The National Human Genome Research Institute is seeking statements of capability or interest from parties interested in collaborative research to further develop, evaluate or commercialize Pan-Cancer Locus Blood-Based Diagnostic Development. For collaboration opportunities, please contact Eggerton Campbell at eggerton.campbell@nih.gov.


Licensing Contact:
Eggerton Campbell, Ph.D.
Email: eggerton.campbell@nih.gov
Phone: 301-402-1648

OTT Reference No: E-177-2015/0
Updated: Nov 8, 2016