Hybrid Computer Tomography Scanning System

The invention relates to a combination hybrid computer tomography (CT) system that is particularly suited for elucidating stages in pulmonary diseases, notably cystic fibrosis and lung cancer. Improved visualization of lung parenchyma and the margins of lung cysts (non-invasive “virtual biopsy”) may provide sufficient detail to distinguish the types of cystic lesions such that the typical lung tissue pathologic biopsy would not be needed to make a diagnosis.

Enhanced Functionalization of Carbon Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications

The invention pertains to methods of increasing the density of carboxylic acids on the surface of a carbon nanoparticle that can be functionalized with biologically relevant molecules, such as antibodies or peptides, for biomedical applications. Advantageously, the method could increase functionalization of a nanoparticle by at least about 1x107 functional groups/g of nanoparticle.

Albumin Binding Immunomodulatory Compositions

The invention relates to molecules wherein Evan’s Blue dye is chemically conjugated to CpG Oligonucleotides that elicit anti-tumoral or infection fighting immunity. Evans Blue, a symmetric azo dye, has high binding affinity to albumin. Albumin binding ability of Evans blue is utilized with CpGs and tumor-specific antigens, in order to leverage endogenous albumin that increases the safety and the potency of molecular vaccines.

Alloreactive T Cell Depletion Method For Preventing Graft-Versus-Host Disease

The invention relates to the use of adenosine to deplete alloreactive T cells from donor grafts to prevent graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). The method includes culturing donor cells that include T cells with recipient antigen presenting cells (APCs) to form a mixture of cells. The recipient’s APCs activate donor T cells. The activated T cells are treated with high doses of adenosine or an adenosine-like molecule to decrease or inhibit viability of the activated donor T-cells.

TRPC Knockout (KO) Mice and Mice with a Floxed Allele of TRPC Ion Channel Genes

TRPCs (Canonical Transient Receptor Potential Channels) are a group of non-selective cation channels that allow sodium and calcium into cells. There are seven different genes in mice that code TRPCs. The in vivo roles played by TRPCs as a whole are poorly understood and very little is known about the in vivo roles played by individual TRPCs nor the role of these channels in specific tissues or cells.

Mice with a Floxed Allele of the alpha Subunit of the Heterotrimeric G Protein Go or Gi2

Heterotrimeric G proteins couple signals between GPCRs (G protein coupled receptors) and effectors such as adenylyl cyclase, phospholipase C and ion channels. Among the G proteins are Go and Gi2. Go is highly expressed in the brain and some endocrine tissues while Gi2 is widely expressed throughout the body. The βγ-subunits of Go interact with ion channels, and the α subunit has been shown to inhibit adenylyl cyclase. However a physiological role of the Gi2α has not been determined in a tissue specific manner.

SIRT1 KO Human Cell Lines Generated by CRISPR/Cas9-mediated DNA Editing

SIRT1, a NAD+-dependent protein deacetylase, is the most conserved member of the sirtuins family. Through deacetylation of a number of protein substrates that are important transcription factors or co-factors, SIRT1 regulates many vital biological processes such as metabolism, cellular stress response, stem cell pluripotency, and development.

Rabbit Antisera to Various Matrix, Matricellular, and Other Secreted Proteins

The extracellular matrix (ECM) is composed of a group of proteins that regulate many cellular functions, such as cell shape, adhesion, migration, proliferation, and differentiation. Deregulation of ECM protein production or function contributes to many pathological conditions, including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, arthrosclerosis, and cancer. Scientists at the NIH have developed antisera against various ECM components such as proteoglycan, sialoprotein, collagen, etc.. These antisera can be used as research tools to study the biology of extracellular matrix molecules.

Cannabinoid Receptor Meditating Compounds for Metabolic Disease

There is evidence that the metabolic effects of endocannabinoids are mediated by CB1 receptors in peripheral tissues. While prior attempts at generating CB1 receptor blockers have had serious neuropsychiatric side effects, inventors at NIH have discovered compounds that block CB1 receptors with reduced brain penetrance. In addition, some of these compounds also have a direct inhibitory effect on inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), whereas another group of the compounds directly activates AMP kinas.

Small-Molecule TSH Receptor Modulators for Diagnosis and Treatment of Thyroid Disease and Cancer

NIH investigators have discovered a series of low molecular weight thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor modulators for use in evaluation and treatment of thyroid diseases, including thyroid cancer, hypothyroidism, and hyperthyroidism. Certain compounds encompassed by this technology are more potent and/or more specific TSH receptor activators than currently-available compounds; also, as small molecules, these compounds are orally available and are expected to be less costly and more straightforward to produce than recombinant protein counterparts currently on the market.