Novel Acylthiol Compositions and Methods of Making and Using Them Against HIV

This invention provides a novel family of acylthiols and uses thereof. More specifically, this invention provides effective inhibitors of HIV that selectively target its highly conserved nucleocapsid protein (NCp7) by interacting with metal chelating structures of a zinc finger-containing protein. Because of the mutationally intolerant nature of NCp7, drug resistance is much less likely to occur with compounds attacking this target.

Novel Antiviral —<em>Griffithsin</em> Derived from Algae—for Prophylaxis or Treatment of Rabies Infection

Rabies virus (RABV) infection leads to fatal encephalitis—inflammation of the brain—if left untreated. Millions of people survive RABV infection each year due to timely administration of post-exposure treatment, however, nearly 60,000 people die from rabies each year according to the World Health Organization. Obstacles to timely treatment for RABV infection include the high cost and burdensome storage requirements (i.e., refrigeration) of current post-exposure treatments (i.e., rabies immunoglobulin (RIG)).

Structure-Based Design of SARS-CoV-2 Spike Immunogens Stabilized in the RBD-All Down Conformation

SARS-CoV-2 has emerged as a global pathogen, sparking urgent vaccine development efforts. The trimeric SARS-CoV-2 spike appears to be a leading vaccine antigen. However, the inability of antibodies such as CR3022, which binds tightly to a cryptic spike epitope, to neutralize SARS-CoV-2 suggests a spike-based means of neutralization escape.

Fluorescent Nanodiamonds as Fiducial Markers for Microscopy

The invention relates to fluorescent nanodiamonds (FNDs) and their uses as fiducial markers for microscopy. FNDs are bright fluorescent probes that do not blink or bleach and have broad fluorescence excitation and emission peaks. The fluorescence intensity can be readily controlled by the size of the FND, the number of fluorescent centers produced in the nanodiamonds, or in situ through the application of a weak magnetic field.

T Cell-Based Adoptive Transfer Immunotherapy for Polyomavirus-Associated Pathologies

Available for licensing are methods to generate T cells responsive to multiple polyomaviruses. The resulting T cell populations could be useful in treating immunosuppressed individuals with polyomavirus infections or polyomavirus-associated pathologies such as Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC), polyomavirus-associated nephropathy (PVAN), hemorrhagic cystitis, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), and trichodysplasia spinulosa (TS). The methods could also be used to restore polyomavirus-specific immunity in immunocompromised individuals.

mTOR Inhibition for the Prevention of Epithelial Stem Cell Loss and Mucositis

The integrity of the epidermis and mucosal epithelia is highly dependent on self-renewing stem cells and, therefore, is vulnerable to physical and chemical damage from common cancer treatments, such as radiation or chemotherapy. Consequently, many cancer patients undergoing these treatments develop mucositis, a debilitating condition involving painful and deep mucosal ulcerations. Since current prevention and treatment options for mucositis are limited, providing only minor relief and no protection to stem cells, novel therapies are needed.

Background-Free Fluorescent Nanodiamond Imaging

Available for licensing and commercial development are intellectual property rights covering a method of imaging a biological specimen (e.g., human tissue) using fluorescent nanodiamonds implanted into the subject of interest, applying a magnetic field to said subject and producing a resultant image by a net juxtaposition of a second acquired image. This process suppresses the background and permits selective imaging of the nanodiamonds in the presence of background fluorescence that exceeds the signal from the nanodiamonds.

Method of Producing Immortalized Primary Human Keratinocytes for HPV Investigation, Testing of Therapeutics, and Skin Graft Generation

One of the major limitations of using cultured keratinocytes for research studies is that primary keratinocytes senesce after a few passages. Keratinocytes from specific anatomical sites are also difficult to culture. Scientists at the NIH have demonstrated that primary keratinocytes, from several anatomical sites, when treated with a small-molecule inhibitor of the ROCK protein maintain a proliferative state and become immortal without genetic modification to the cells.

Quantitative Determination Of Marker Proteins In Complex Mixtures

The Laboratory of Neurotoxicology of the National Institute of Mental Health and the Laboratory of Cell Biology of the National Cancer Institute are seeking statements of capability or interest from parties interested in forming a collaborative research alliance to further develop, evaluate, or commercialize techniques for protein quantification using mass spectrometry. This technology can be used in basic research, disease diagnosis or treatment to determine absolute and stoichiometric amounts of specific marker proteins in heterogeneous mixtures such as blood or urine.

HLA-A*01:01 Restricted Human T Cell Receptor Recognizing the NRAS Q61K Hotspot Mutation

Mutation of amino acid 61of the neuroblastoma rat sarcoma viral oncogene homologue (NRAS) is a known driver of oncogenesis in melanoma. Glutamine (Q) to lysine (K) mutation at this position of NRAS is prevalent in approximately 10% of all melanoma cases and associated with aggressive tumors and low patient survival. Therefore, Q61K mutated NRAS is an important candidate for targeted therapies, including cellular immunotherapy.